Fighting corruption has been high on the agenda in 2011. People have taken to the streets to demand accountability from their leaders. Additional countries have adopted anti-corruption legislation. More people are coming forward to report corruption.
However, the cost of corruption to economies and societies remains high.
- One-fifth: estimated proportion of the income of poor Mexican families spent on petty bribes.
- Five per cent: amount of Malawi’s economy the World Bank estimates is income derived from corruption.
- 15 per cent: proportion of respondents to a national household survey inGuatemala that reported that they paid a bribe when trying to (re)connect to the public water system.
- 30-40 per cent: countries which have a higher risk of civil war because of weak governance, control of corruption and rule of law, according to the World Bank.
- 73 per cent: proportion of countries on the 2011 Corruption Perceptions Index that score less than 5 out of ten.
- 15 years: longest prison sentence ever handed down in a U.S. foreign bribery case that involved the former president of a telecoms company in Florida.
- US $6 million: value of the 11 sports cars belonging to the leader of Equatorial Guinea confiscated in Paris in September, a result of Transparency International France’s legal action on stolen assets.
- US $37 billion: Libyan assets frozen in the United States. More on stolen assetshere.
- US $57.2 billion: amount Egypt lost to illicit financial activities and official government corruption from 2000 to 2008. Global Financial Integrity says Egypt is losing more than US $6 billion per year.
- $160 billion: amount of money lost by Greece in unrecorded payments through its balance transfers over the last decade, according to Global Financial Integrity. Tax arrangements cost between €300 and €15.000, TI Greece finds.
14 January – Public anger following the suicide of bribery victim Mohamed Bouazizi causes Tunisian president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali to step down after 23 years in power
11 February - Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak is deposed by popular uprising which ends his 30-year hardline rule
25 February – China passes amendments to its corruption legislation that makes foreign corrupt practices illegal
13 April – Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak is detained and his two sons are being held in prison as officials investigate allegations of corruption and abuse of power
12 May – India ratifies the UN Convention Against Corruption
25 May – Russia is asked to join the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention
5 April – Indian activist Ana Hazare begins an anti-corruption hunger strike to pressure the governments to fulfil anti-corruption commitments as envisaged in the Lok Pal Bill. Nation-wide protests erupt to support his cause.
1 July – UK Bribery Act comes into force
28 August – Ana Hazare ends another fast, after the Indian Government promised to work towards devising an effective anti-corruption law (Lokpal bill).
7 September – thousand of people join anti-corruption demonstrations in Brazil
Read about what Transparency International has done to fight corruption in 2011 here